The climate crisis, which has become one of the most important agenda items in the world in recent years, has accelerated the steps of the administrations in terms of green transformation policies with its global repercussions. The Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and especially the European Union (EU)'s announcement that it would adopt a new growth strategy within the scope of its green transformation goals with the European Green Consensus was the beginning of the transformation.
In response to the change and transformation in international trade and economy in Turkey, the Ministry of Commerce prepared the "Green Reconciliation Action Plan”. The plan, prepared in line with the development goals, draws attention with its structure that supports the transition to a sustainable and efficient economy. The plan, which was prepared in cooperation with the public, institutions and organizations and the private sector in order to turn risks into opportunities, includes a total of 32 targets and 81 actions under nine main headings. The Green Reconciliation Action Plan is also of great importance in terms of strengthening Turkey's integration into global supply chains and attracting green investments to our country.
CARBON LIMIT REGULATIONS
By modeling the effects of the carbon limit regulation mechanism on energy and resource-intensive sectors, sector-based work and actions to be taken will be determined, and the system for monitoring industry-sourced greenhouse gas emissions will be developed according to needs.
In order to support the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in priority manufacturing industry sectors that may be subject to carbon regulation, a country roadmap will be determined and studies will be carried out to determine Turkey's position on carbon pricing.
In parallel with the evaluation studies for a carbon pricing mechanism in our country, studies will be carried out on the additional costs and economic effects that will occur on the sectors, and support mechanisms for increasing costs will be evaluated.
Studies will be carried out to carry out certification activities within the framework of the standards to be determined by the EU, and technical support will be provided for reporting.
A GREEN AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Priority sectors will be determined within the framework of the circular economy, and a "Circular Economy Action Plan” will be prepared for the sectors. The necessary technological infrastructure for green transformation will be strengthened by completing the studies for the implementation of the Green OIZ and Green Industrial Zone certification system.
The regulatory framework that will support the green and circular economy will be strengthened through harmonization with the Sustainable Product Legislation, EU Chemicals Legislation, Eco-Design and Energy Labeling Legislations to be implemented by the EU.
Studies will be carried out to monitor endocrine disrupting chemicals in drinking water resources and clean production legislation in the textile sector will be updated.
In the light of the "Water Reuse National Master Plan” and sectoral water allocation plans, a "guideline document on water footprint” will be prepared. In the management of water resources, research will be conducted on the use, benefits, and developmental aspects of remote sensing, sensors and informatics applications.
In order to support the green transformation, the national incentive system will be reviewed and the development of the National Energy Efficiency Financing Mechanism will be evaluated, taking into account the identification of needs and the incentives provided in the EU.
Studies on strengthening the ecosystem that will enable the development of green finance in Turkey and the preparation of legislation targeting the sustainability of investments will be carried out by taking the taxonomy legislation of the EU and international organizations into account.
Within the scope of green or sustainable bond issuance, the preparations for the Sustainable Bonds Framework Document will be completed, the Green Bond Guide and the Green Sukuk Guide will be prepared and studies will be carried out in the field of Green Sukuk. Diplomatic and technical studies will be carried out in order to improve Turkey's access to international financing for green transformation.
In line with the European Green Deal, information and incentive activities will be carried out in order to obtain maximum benefit from the existing financing opportunities. Information on all international and national financing opportunities in connection with the environment and climate change will be compiled.
CLEAN, ECONOMIC AND SECURE ENERGY SUPPLY
Within the scope of the European Green Deal, a clear analysis of renewable energy and energy efficiency studies will be made and development areas will be evaluated. Awareness-raising and awareness trainings will be given to the authorities of industrial facilities, especially businesses operating in organized industrial facilities on energy efficiency.
Studies will be carried out to provide 1000 MW WPP, SPP every year until the end of 2027, in accordance with our National Energy and Mining Policy, with awareness-raising activities related to the Green Tariff and RES-G Certificate.
Preparation of national strategy documents, guidelines and roadmap will be carried out for the dissemination of energy efficient, low carbon heating and cooling systems.
FIGHTING CLIMATE CHANGE
Turkey's Climate Change Combat Report, 2023-2030 Climate Change Action Plan and 2050 Climate Change Strategy will be prepared. In addition, it will be evaluated in a multidimensional way, taking into account the position of our country towards the Paris Agreement and its international financing needs.
R&D studies will be carried out to determine the effects of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystems, along with desertification and land degradation, and to take adaptation and mitigation measures. It will be ensured that the possible loss of coastal and fresh water will be determined and nature-based climate change adaptation measures will be put forward for the coasts and wetlands.
By ensuring that the LDN approach is included in the national investment programs, the decision mechanism will be developed, and in areas where land degradation is high, planning and implementation will be carried out with the LDN principle,
By contributing to the increase of carbon stocks, research activities will be carried out to increase carbon stocks. It will be ensured that trainings on sustainable agriculture techniques, conducting R&D projects on this subject and dissemination of practices.